Bulldog

 

Overview

The bulldog’s heavy, thick-set, low-slung body with broad shoulders gives it a low centre of gravity, a very important advantage when battling a massive creature. The huge head, where the circumference should equal at least the height of the dog in the shoulder, provides ample room for muscle attachment for its powerful, broad jaws. The undershot bite makes it possible for a tight grasp, at precisely the exact same time providing breathing space throughout the nose. The limbs are hardy, the gait loose-jointed, shuffling, and rolling — this isn’t a strain that must run! The coat is fine and glossy.

Despite its own “sourmug,” that the bulldog is more healthy, funny and amiable, one of the very docile and tender of puppies. It’s prepared to please, though it keeps a stubborn streak. It’s quite good with kids. Most are reasonably favorable toward strangers. Though some may be aggressive with strange dogs, the breed is very good with other pets.

AKC RANKING 16
FAMILY livestock dog, mountain dog, mastiff (bulldog)
AREA OF ORIGIN England
DATE OF ORIGIN 1200s
ORIGINAL FUNCTION bull baiting
TODAY’S FUNCTION companion
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 12-15 Weight: 50
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 12-15 Weight: 40
OTHER NAME English bulldog
The bulldog appreciates a daily outing but cannot tolerate hot humid weather. It should not be expected to jog or walk great distances, or to jump from any heights. Most bulldogs cannot swim. Most bulldogs wheeze and snore, and some drool. Coat care is minimal, but facial wrinkles (and any folds around the tail) should be cleaned daily.
  • Energy levelLow energy
  • Exercise needsLow
  • PlayfullnessVery playful
  • Affection levelVery affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsShy
  • Friendliness toward other petsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward strangersVery friendly
  • Ease of trainingEasy to train
  • Watchdog abilityLow
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsLow maintenance
  • Cold toleranceLow tolerance
  • Heat toleranceLow tolerance
• Major concerns: CHD, KCS, stenotic nares, elongated soft palate,
shoulder luxation, internalized tail
• Minor concerns: entropion, ectropion, distichiasis, CHD, elbow
dysplasia, cherry eye, patellar luxation
• Occasionally seen: urethral prolapse, vaginal hyperplasia
• Suggested tests: hip, elbow, knee, (eye)
• Life span: 8 – 10 years
• Note: It is prone to skin fold dermatitis unless the wrinkles are
kept clean and dry. It cannot tolerate heat. Special precautions must
be taken when anesthetizing a bulldog. Caesarian deliveries are
commonly needed. Hip radiographs show most bulldogs to be dysplastic
but few show overt symptoms.
Together with the most distinguishing mug in dogdom, the bulldog comes with an equally distinctive history. The bulldog’s source is in the cruel sport of bull-baiting, which originated in England throughout the 13th century. The dog’s goal was to assault and madden the bull by catching it, usually from the nose, rather than releasing its grasp. Not only was this believed amusement, but it also was believed that a bull’s meat was tastier when the bull had been baited before being siphoned. Some bulldogs were also put against bears for bearbaiting, only for amusement. Bulldog owners place great store by their own puppy’s ferocity and, particularly, fortitude in the face of pain — so much so that dreadful stories exist of owners demonstrating their dog’s strength by demonstrating that it might hang on the bull despite being tortured or obscured from the proprietor. In 1835, bull-baiting was outlawed, and a new stage began for its bulldog. Some attempts were made to have the puppies fight one another, but that was definitely not the bulldog’s forte. Currently a dog with no trigger, the breed’s popularity dropped. With rights, the strain must have become extinct, except that it had gained so many passionate admirers that they put out to save the bulldog by choosing against ferocity whilst still preserving — and often progressing — its own distinguishing physical traits. So successful were they that the bulldog became a very amiable character, with a character not at all like its own “sourmug” may indicate. Its tough steadfast character caused it to be identified as a national emblem of England. It is amiable clownish personality belies its look, along with the bulldog is a favorite pet.

 

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