Cairn Terrier

Overview

That is a working terrier, and it needs to be hardy, active and game. It’s short-legged, and more than it is tall, but less to the floor because the Sealyham or Scottish terriers. Its construct lets it fit into close quarters in pursuit of its quarry. Its head is wider and shorter than any other terrier, which makes it great jaw strength. Its weather-resistant coat is made up of soft, close undercoat and a profuse, harsh outer coat. Furnishing round the face adds to its somewhat foxy expression.

The cairn is the gist of terrier; plucky, lively, daring, inquisitive, rugged, smart, tenacious and scrappy. It’s receptive to its owner’s wishes, however, and attempts to please; in actuality, it’s surprisingly sensitive. This strain may be fantastic house pet so long as it’s given daily bodily and psychological exercise in a secure location. It loves playing with kids and is hard enough to withstand some roughhousing. It may be aggressive with other dogs and chases little creatures; it enjoys to sniff, research and research. It digs; a bark.

AKC RANKING 42
FAMILY terrier
AREA OF ORIGIN Scotland
DATE OF ORIGIN Middle Ages
ORIGINAL FUNCTION killing vermin
TODAY’S FUNCTION earthdog trials
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 10 Weight: 14
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 9.5 Weight: 13
OTHER NAME none
Despite its small dimensions, the cairn desires outdoor exercise daily, either a medium walk on leash, an enjoyable game in the lawn or a trip in a secure location. It can live outside in temperate climates, however it will better sleeping inside. Its cable coat needs combing once per week, also stripping of lifeless hair at least twice yearly.
  • Energy levelHigh energy
  • Exercise needsMedium
  • PlayfullnessModerately playful
  • Affection levelModerately affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsFriendly
  • Friendliness toward other petsShy
  • Friendliness toward strangersShy
  • Ease of trainingEasy to train
  • Watchdog abilityHigh
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsModerate maintenance
  • Cold toleranceMedium tolerance
  • Heat toleranceMedium tolerance
• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: globoid cell leukodystrophy
• Occasionally seen: vWD, Legg-Perthes, patellar luxation
• Suggested tests: none
• Life span: 12-15 years
One of a family of short-legged terriers developed on Scotland’s Isle of Skye, the cairn terrier likely still looks like the ancestral form into a larger degree than many others descended from precisely the exact same stock. These dogs appear to have existed since the 15th century and have been used to hunt fox, badger and otter. The puppies were skillful at bolting otters in the cairns (piles of rock that served as landmarks or memorials). The dogs arrived in various colours, which range from white to grey to reddish, and so were all considered Scotch terriers whenever they started to enter the show ring. Back in 1873, they had been split into Dandie Dinmont and Skye terriers, together with the cairn from the latter category. This group was afterwards again split into Skye and hard-haired terriers in 1881, and also the hard-haired terriers eventually split into Scotch, West Highland white along with the strain finally referred to as the cairn. Previously, the cairn was known as the shorthaired Skye, subsequently the cairn terrier or Skye and ultimately, around 1912, the cairn terrier. One of the most influential ancient cairns were all white, but white, in addition to crossing to West Highland whites, has been prohibited from the 1920s. The strain became rather common in England, also quite well known in America, gaining its greatest popularity as the puppy playing Toto from the Wizard of Oz. As one of the very ordinary and less sculpted terriers, the strain is highly regarded by people who enjoy a working terrier. Maybe the motto of this British strain team sums it up best: “The best little pal in the world.”

 

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