The cav is a tasteful, imperial, toy spaniel, slightly longer than tall, with moderate bone. It keeps the construct of a functioning spaniel, however in a more compact version. Its gait is totally free and tasteful, with good reach and drive. Its slick coat is of medium length, with a small wave permissible. Long feathering on the feet is a strain characteristic. A hallmark of this breed is its own sweet, gentle, melting saying.
The cavalier in several ways fits the bill as an perfect house pet. It’s sweet, tender, playful, ready to please, loving and silent. It’s amiable toward other pets strangers and pets. Outdoors, its own spaniel heritage kicks in, and it likes to research, chase and sniff.
|• Major concerns: MVI, CHD
• Minor concerns: patellar luxation, entropion
• Occasionally seen: retinal dysplasia
• Suggested tests: cardiac, hip, knee, eye
• Life span: 9 – 14 years
• Note: Cavaliers should not be bred until the age of 5 years, and only after being checked
at that age for MVD.
|As its title suggests, the cavalier King Charles spaniel is derived from spaniel roots. The European toy puppies were likely caused by breeding little spaniels to Asian toy breeds like the Japanese Chin and possibly the Tibetan spaniel. All these Tudor lap puppies, called “comforter spaniels,” functioned as foot and lap warmers, as well as surrogate hot-water bottles. Additionally, they served the very important purpose of bringing fleas in their owners’ bodies! The toy spaniels became particularly popular since they appealed to all members of their household. From the 1700s, King Charles II was so terrified with his toy spaniels that he had been accused of dismissing matters of nation in favor of his or her dogs. The dogs were so closely correlated with him which they had been known as King Charles spaniels. Following his departure, the Duke of Marlborough took over because the significant advocate of this strain; the white and red “Blenheim” colour, that had been his favorite, is named after his mansion. Even the King Charles spaniel continued to grace the houses of the wealthy for decades, but with time a shorter-nosed puppy was favored. From the early 1900s, the couple dogs which resembled the ancient members of this breed were regarded as inferior. A twist of fate happened when a rich American, Roswell Eldridge, came to England and provided outlandish prize money to get the very best “pointed-nosed” spaniels — these most resembling the older kind. Breeders swallowed their old-type dogs collectively in a bid to achieve the prize, and in so doing, many came to love the older kind. Paradoxically, these puppies, called cavalier King Charles spaniels in honour of their “cavalier king,” eventually outstripped their short-nosed counterparts in fame, becoming one of the most well-known breeds in England. They had been slower to catch on in America, and lots of cavalier owners battled AKC recognition in a bid to control the issues which so often accompany fame. Back in 1996, the AKC recognized the cavalier; it’s too early to tell whether its popularity will soar consequently.|