Japanese Chin

Overview

Little, vibrant and aristocratic, the Japanese Chin is a square-proportioned little dog. It’s a bright, curious expression — obviously Oriental. A small number of white displays in the inner corners of their eyes, imparting a look of astonishment. Its gait is trendy, light and lively. The only coat is abundant, glossy and straight, tending to stick out in the body. The general look is just one of Asian aristocracy.

The Japanese Chin is a dedicated companion, relishing a hot lap up to a boisterous match. It’s sensitive and ready to please, tending to darkness its proprietor. It’s a friend to all: strangers, pets and dogs. Its playfulness and gentleness make it a great kid’s companion for both tender children. The strain was described as almost catlike — a few even climb.

AKC RANKING 76
FAMILY companion
AREA OF ORIGIN Japan
DATE OF ORIGIN ancient times
ORIGINAL FUNCTION lap dog
TODAY’S FUNCTION companion
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 4-7
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 4-7
OTHER NAME Japanese spaniel
The Japanese Chin is lively but little enough that its exercise needs could be fulfilled with a brief walk, romp or match. This isn’t a strain that may live out. It doesn’t do well in warm humid weather. Some Chins have a tendency to wheeze. The long coat needs combing twice per week.
  • Energy levelMedium energy
  • Exercise needsLow
  • PlayfullnessVery playful
  • Affection levelVery affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward other petsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward strangersVery friendly
  • Ease of trainingModerately easy to train
  • Watchdog abilityHigh
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsModerate maintenance
  • Cold toleranceLow tolerance
  • Heat toleranceLow tolerance
• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: patellar luxation, KCS, entropion
• Occasionally seen: achondroplasia, epilepsy
• Suggested tests: knee, (eye)
• Life span: 12 – 14 years
• Note: The breed is sensitive to anesthesia and does not tolerate heat well. It is also prone to corneal abrasions.
Despite its title, the Western Chin is really of ancient Chinese source, probably sharing a close relationship with all the Pekingese. Such as the Pekingese, the Chin has been retained by Chinese aristocracy, and occasionally presented as a present to seeing nobility. Various stories exist about how it came in Japan: Zen Buddhist teachers might have attracted the strain sometime following A.D. 520, a Korean prince might have obtained a while to Japan at A.D. 732 or some Chinese emperor could have introduced a pair to some Japanese emperor in about a million decades back. Yet it got there, it gained great favor with all the Japanese royal family and has been retained as a lap dog and decoration; a few especially smallish Chins were allegedly kept in dangling “bird” cages. Portuguese sailors first traded with Japan from the 16th century and might have been the very first to bring Chins into Europe. On the other hand, the first official listing of Chins coming to Europe was in 1853, when Commodore Perry introduced a set from his visit to Japan to Queen Victoria. In the succeeding decades, traders brought back a lot more Chins, selling them in Europe and America. The breed has been recognized by the AKC in the late 1800s as the Western spaniel. These ancient imports were bigger than contemporary Chins, and it’s likely that a few crossing with English toy spaniels might have happened to decrease size. World War I finished the constant source of importations, but the strain had already gained a solid foothold. It maintains a small recognition in the usa, but nevertheless enjoys its greatest popularity in Japan.

 

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