Papillon

Overview

The papillon is a small, tasty, elegant puppy of fine-boned architecture, slightly longer than it is tall. Its gait is fast, simple and graceful. Its abundant coat is long, silky, flowing and straight. Its trademark feature, besides its favorable nature and alert saying, is its own butterfly ears.

Among the most obedient and reactive of the toy breeds, the lively papillon is also tender, tender and playful. It’s friendly toward strangers, other dogs and pets and is quite good with kids. Some could be timid.

AKC RANKING 36
FAMILY spitz, spaniel, companion
AREA OF ORIGIN France
DATE OF ORIGIN 1500s
ORIGINAL FUNCTION lap dog
TODAY’S FUNCTION companion
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 4-9
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 4-9
OTHER NAME epagneul nain (phalene is also known as Continental toy spaniel)
The energetic papillon thrives on mental stimulation, and it enjoys a daily walk on leash in addition to hard matches inside or out. This isn’t a strain that can live outside. Its coat needs combing twice per week.
  • Energy levelHigh energy
  • Exercise needsLow
  • PlayfullnessVery playful
  • Affection levelVery affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward other petsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward strangersVery friendly
  • Ease of trainingHard to train
  • Watchdog abilityHigh
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsModerate maintenance
  • Cold toleranceLow tolerance
  • Heat toleranceMedium tolerance
• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: PRA, patellar luxation
• Occasionally seen: none
• Suggested tests: knee, eye
• Life span: 12 – 15 years
The title papillon is French for butterfly, which the ears and face of the sprightly little dog ought to resemble. The papillon has its own origins at the dwarf spaniels which were so popular throughout Europe from at least the 16th century. These small dogs were very popular with the nobility; as time went on, Spain and Italy became the centres of dwarf-spaniel trading and breeding. The court of Louis XIV of France was especially fond of papillons and imported a lot of these. At once the papillon has been called the squirrel spaniel since it transported its plumed tail above its back in precisely the exact same manner a squirrel does. These ancient dogs had drooping ears, but during some unknown occasion, some dogs wore vertical ears. Both shed- and – erect-eared papillons can be discovered in precisely the exact same litter. Even now both ear kinds are equally appropriate, even though the erect-eared puppy is significantly more popular. In the usa, the drop-eared pap is popularly referred to as the phalene, which is French for moth, whereas in Europe it’s known as the epagneul nain or Continental toy spaniel. From 1900, the papillon had been well-represented in French puppy shows and shortly afterward was being exhibited in England and America. These earlier displays tended to be bigger than those found now, and featured largely solid-colored dogs, typically of a shade of crimson. Selective breeding has caused a bigger dog that’s distinguished by its striking colors divided by patches of white. A symmetrically marked encounter with white blaze increases the butterfly look. The papillon has come to be one of the very popular toy puppies, working equally well as a loving pet, amazing show dog and skillful obedience competitor.

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