Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a small, square-proportioned, mini spitz using a cobby, curved body. It shares the spitz features of little ears, double coat and eyebrow. It’s an alarm, foxlike expression. Its gait is free and smooth with great reach and drive. The soft thick undercoat together with the more harsh outer coat, standing off in the body, unite to give the puppy a distinctive bloated look. This appearance is further accentuated by the thick ruff and a mind carriage that’s obviously up-gazing.

Bouncy, daring and active, the Pomeranian makes the most of each and every single day. It’s curious, lively, self-confident (even cocky) and careful, ever prepared for a match or experience. It’s allowed toward strangers. Some may be aggressive toward other dogs. Some bark a good deal.

AKC RANKING 13
FAMILY spitz, Northern (companion)
AREA OF ORIGIN Germany
DATE OF ORIGIN 1800s
ORIGINAL FUNCTION companion
TODAY’S FUNCTION companion
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 3-7
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 8-11 Weight: 3-7
OTHER NAME none
The Pomeranian is busy but multifunctional, requiring daily exercise but equipped to satisfy its own needs with indoor matches or even short walks. Even though it includes a warm coat, it’s too little and too family-oriented to reside as an outside dog. Its double coat requires brushing twice per week, more when shedding.
  • Energy levelHigh energy
  • Exercise needsLow
  • PlayfullnessVery playful
  • Affection levelSomewhat affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsShy
  • Friendliness toward other petsFriendly
  • Friendliness toward strangersShy
  • Ease of trainingEasy to train
  • Watchdog abilityHigh
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsModerate maintenance
  • Cold toleranceMedium tolerance
  • Heat toleranceMedium tolerance
• Major concerns: patellar luxation
• Minor concerns: open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, PRA, entropion
• Occasionally seen: tracheal collapse, PDA
• Suggested tests: knee, eye, (cardiac)
• Life span: 12 – 16 years
The smallest part of the spitz family, the Pomeranian boasts tough sledding puppy ancestors. When it started to be consumed in size isn’t understood; nor can it be understood precisely where this miniaturization happened, even though Germany, and especially, Pomerania, is the most likely place. The breed’s probably ancestor was that the Deutscher spitz. Just when the strain was shot to England was it dubbed the Pomeranian, however, these early dogs weren’t the “Poms” recognized now. They weighed up to 30 lbs and were frequently white. In actuality, the Japanese spitz closely resembles these ancient Pomeranians and quite likely descends out of them. Even though the Pomeranian was realized by the English Kennel Club in 1870, it wasn’t till Queen Victoria attracted a Pomeranian out of Italy that its popularity rose. The queen’s Pomeranians were quite big grey puppies, and even then most fanciers preferred smaller, more vibrant specimens. From 1900, Poms was acknowledged by the AKC, and puppies were being exhibited in both England and America in a range of colours. The Pomeranian has continued to be bred down in size; yet in precisely the exact same moment, an emphasis on jacket has resulted in its unsurpassed “puffball” look. This mini sled dog consistently brings admirers and is a remarkably popular pet and show dog.
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