Square-proportioned, streamlined and of a cobby construct, the pug is a huge dog in a tiny area. Its gait is powerful and jaunty, but with a small roll of their hindquarters. Its distinguishing expression is tender and solicitous. Its forehead has big, deep wrinkles. Its coat is smooth, fine and brief.
A beautiful combination of dignity and humor, the pug is a amiable, playful and confident companion. It may be stubborn and headstrong, but it’s pleasant and usually prepared to please. It enjoys to cavort and flaunt.
|• Major concerns: none
• Minor concerns: elongated palette, stenotic nares, patellar luxation, Legg – Perthes, entropion
• Occasionally seen: epilepsy
• Suggested tests: (eye)
• Life span: 12 – 15 years
• Note: Skin fold dermatitis occurs if wrinkles are not regularly cleaned. The pug cannot tolerate heat and is sensitive to anesthesia. It is prone to corneal abrasion and obesity.
|The pug was known by several names: mopshond in Holland (which relates to its grumbling tendencies); mops from Germany, and Chinese or Dutch pug at England. The term pug is derived either from the Latin pugnus, meaning predator, since the mind could have resembled a clenched fist, or by the marmoset “pug” reptiles which were popular pets from the 18th century also that the pug dogs slightly resemble. No matter the title, 1 thing goes: The pug’s official motto multum in parvo (“a whole lot in a bit”) matches it exactly. The pug is a bit of an exclusion in the toy category since it’s possibly the only breed to be descended from mastiff forebears. Though its specific ancestry was lost in antiquity, the pug keeps many mastiff attributes. That is an ancient breed, among many miniaturized in Asia, in which it turned out to be a favourite pet of Buddhist monasteries in Tibet several centuries past. Back in China, the facial wrinkles were an important breed characteristic, most especially the “prince markers,” or vertical wrinkle on the forehead, which bore a similarity to the Chinese character for “prince.” Pugs likely came to Holland through the Dutch East India Trading Company. They became very popular and were known as the official dog of the home of Orange after one rescued the life of Prince William by sounding an alarm at the approach of Spanish soldiers at 1572. From 1790, the pug can be located in France; Napoleon’s wife Josephine utilized her pug to take messages into Napoleon when she had been imprisoned. Pugs were first brought to England during Victorian times and became amazingly popular with the rich, displacing the King Charles spaniel because the favorite royal strain. Pugs of Victorian England generally had cropped ears, further accentuating their wrinkled faces. Many pugs were brought to England from China in 1886. A year before, the strain was recognized by the AKC. Since that moment, it’s remained popular as both a pet and show dog.|