The Rottweiler is a medium-large breed, slightly longer than it’s tall and strong with a strong, substantial construct. It combines the skills essential to drive cows for long distances in addition to function as a powerful guard dog — tasks which demand great strength, endurance and agility. Its trot is certain and strong, with powerful drive and reach. Its coat is straight, coarse and compact. Its saying reflects the Rottweiler in its finest — noble, attentive and self-assured.

Confident, daring, attentive and imposing, the Rottweiler is a favorite alternative for its capacity to protect. As befitting its self-assured temperament, it has a tendency to be headstrong and stubborn and is frequently domineering. It’s booked, often cautious, toward strangers. It could be too protective when it perceives that its family has been threatened, and it might also try to “herd” kids. This is a potent strain that requires socialization, constant training and daily exercise are the best it could be — a faithful relative and guardian.

FAMILY livestock dog, sheepdog, mastiff (draft/cattle)
DATE OF ORIGIN ancient times
ORIGINAL FUNCTION cattle drover, guardian, draft
TODAY’S FUNCTION security, herding trials, Schutzhund
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: 24-27 Weight: 85-135
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: 22-25 Weight: 80-100
The Rottweiler requires daily bodily and psychological activity, possibly in the kind of long walks or jogs, or even a boxing match in a secure place, in addition to obedience lessons. It appreciates cold weather and might become overheated in hot weather. It can live outdoors in temperate to cool climates, so long as lots of refuge is available. It ought to devote substantial time indoors with its human family, nevertheless, so that appropriate bonding can happen. Coat care is minimal, consisting only of cleaning to remove dead hair.
  • Energy levelMedium energy
  • Exercise needsMedium
  • PlayfullnessNot very playful
  • Affection levelSomewhat affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsShy
  • Friendliness toward other petsShy
  • Friendliness toward strangersShy
  • Ease of trainingModerately easy to train
  • Watchdog abilityHigh
  • Protection abilityVery protective
  • Grooming needsLow maintenance
  • Cold toleranceMedium tolerance
  • Heat toleranceLow tolerance
• Major concerns: CHD, elbow dysplasia, SAS, osteosarcoma, gastric torsion
• Minor concerns: OCD, entropion, ectropion, vWD, panosteitis
• Occasionally seen: PRA, cataract, epilepsy
• Suggested tests: hip, elbow, cardiac, blood, (eye)
• Life span: 8 – 11 years
The Rottweiler’s ancestors were likely Roman drover dogs, responsible for driving and guarding herds of cows since they accompanied Roman troops on long marches. At least one of those marches resulted in southern Germany, where a few of the folks and their dogs depended. During the succeeding decades, the dogs continued to play an essential function as cattle drovers about what was to become the city of Rottweil (which can be based on reddish crochet, denoting the red-tile roofing of the Roman baths which was discovered there at the eighth century). Rottweil prospered and became a middle of cows trade. Their dogs drove and safeguarded cows, guarded the cash earned by the cows sales and functioned as draft animals. So evolved the Rottweiler metzgerhund (“butcher puppy”), an integral element in the city’s sector until the mid-19th century. At that moment, cows driving was outlawed, and puppy carting was replaced with donkey carts and railroads. With very little demand for this once vital strain, the Rottweiler dropped into such decrease that it was almost lost. With the recognition that the strain has been teetering close extinction, dog fanciers formed a club in 1901 and set about to rekindle it. Though the 1901 club has been short lived, it did invent a breed standard. Two later clubs have been formed in 1907, among which encouraged the strain for a police dog. The two clubs merged in 1921. The strain continued to rise, and by the 1930s it had been competing in AKC competitions. The Rottweiler has recovered from its own brush with extinction to become the second-most popular breed in the usa.

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