Saint Bernard

The imposing Saint Bernard is strong and proportionately tall. It’s powerful and well-muscled — crucial qualities in a puppy that has to trek through heavy snow for miles. Its jacket comes in 2 different types: smooth, where the brief hair is quite compact and hard, and lengthy, where the medium-length hair is straight to slightly wavy. Its expression must seem smart.

The serene, easygoing Saint Bernard is patient and gentle around kids, though it isn’t especially lively. It’s dedicated to its loved ones and is ready to please, though in its own pace. It may be stubborn.

AKC RANKING 39
FAMILY livestock dog, sheepdog, mastiff
AREA OF ORIGIN Switzerland
DATE OF ORIGIN Middle Ages
ORIGINAL FUNCTION draft, search and rescue
TODAY’S FUNCTION companion
AVERAGE SIZE OF MALE Height: >27.5 Weight: 120-200
AVERAGE SIZE OF FEMALE Height: >25 Weight: 120-200
OTHER NAME St. Bernhardshund, Alpine mastiff
The Saint Bernard requires daily exercise so as to keep healthy. Its prerequisites can be fulfilled with average walks and short runs, nevertheless. It’s best raised outside, away from surfaces that are slippery. Overweight dogs raised inside are more prone to hip issues. It appreciates cold weather and doesn’t succeed in heat. This strain can live outdoors in temperate to cold weather, but does best when allowed access to both home and lawn. Its jacket, whether short or long, requires weekly brushing, more so when shedding. All Saints drool.
  • Energy levelLow energy
  • Exercise needsLow
  • PlayfullnessModerately playful
  • Affection levelVery affectionate
  • Friendliness toward other dogsFriendly
  • Friendliness toward other petsVery friendly
  • Friendliness toward strangersFriendly
  • Ease of trainingModerately easy to train
  • Watchdog abilityLow
  • Protection abilityNot very protective
  • Grooming needsModerate maintenance
  • Cold toleranceHigh tolerance
  • Heat toleranceLow tolerance
• Major concerns: CHD, gastric torsion, entropion, ectropion, distichiasis, elbow dysplasia, osteosarcoma
• Minor concerns: OCD, diabetes, heart conditions, cardiomyopathy, pyotraumatic dermatitis
• Occasionally seen: epilepsy
• Suggested tests: hip, elbow, cardiac, eye
• Life span: 8 – 10 years
• Note: The Saint Bernard does not tolerate heat well.
The Saint Bernard likely has its roots in the Roman Molossian dogs, however it was not until between 1660 and 1670 that the breed evolved to the glorious puppy responsible for saving numerous lives. Around this time, the very first of those large dogs came in the St. Bernard Hospice, a sanctuary for travelers crossing between Switzerland and Italy. The Saint Bernards initially came to aid pull carts and turn spits and might have served as watchdogs or companions, but the monks soon discovered them valuable pathfinders through the heavy snow. The puppies were proficient at finding lost travelers. When a puppy found a individual, it could lick the individual’s face and lie beside him, thereby reviving and heating the individual. The dogs continued to function in this valuable function for 3 centuries, conserving over 2,000 lives. The most well-known of all Saint Bernards was Barry, that had been credited with rescuing 40 lives. Ahead of Barry’s departure, the puppies were known by numerous titles, including hospice puppies, but at the time he expired that he had been of such popularity that the puppies were known as Barryhund in his honour. From the early 1800s lots of the dogs have been dropped into severe weather, illness and inbreeding. A number of the rest of the dogs were crossed with Newfoundlands at 1830. Because of this, the very first long-coated dogs of Saint Bernard kind appeared. Even though it appeared that long hair might assist a puppy in the summer, in reality it hindered them since the ice clung to the jacket. Therefore, these long haired dogs weren’t kept for rescue function. The very first Saints came to England about 1810 and were known by many distinct names, one of them sacred dog. From 1865, the title Saint Bernard was in common usage, and it became the official title in 1880. Around this time, the breed caught the eye of American fanciers. From 1900, the Saint Bernard was exceptionally common. Even though it has because vacillated in popularity, it’s always among the most common giant breeds.

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